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Beginners Guide for First-Time Investors

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Are you interested in learning how to invest money but not sure how to begin? This handy guide will help introduce you to some of the key concepts and success principles of investing and growing your money.

What is investment?

Investment involves putting your money into an asset or stock and is an exchange for value within that commodity or asset. You gain a share of the money that is built through appreciation in value or profits. 

There are different types of investment options, meaning the definition is a little difficult to generalize in a few lines. Investments include foreign exchange, stocks, company investments, property, and so much more.

Understand your goals for investment

You must understand why you are investing in the first place. This will dictate your investment horizon, what you want to achieve, and when you can profit. If you are investing in a monthly income, then you need to be able to get the money out without accruing a lot in fees. 

If you are planning to invest for 20 or 30 years because of retirement, then you want to maximize the benefits of compound interest investment and invest as much as you can to derive the maximum gains at the end of your investment horizon. You must think about why you are investing. You may also need to spread your investments for different purposes to satisfy different investment goals.

Begin early

Because of the way that money works, you do want to invest as early as you can to get the magic effects of compound interest. Investment interest can snowball with time, and the earlier you start, the more you can get from this snowball effect.

Start a business

If you are proactive and have a good idea, then you may want to start a business. This can be a high-risk option if you don’t have the experience or you get the market wrong, but ultimately, running a business can be a remarkably rewarding way to generate long-term profits from your investment income. The key to avoiding damaging loss as a business owner is in taking out the right insurance for your business. This will mostly protect your venture from failure should things go wrong. 

Investing in stocks 

Buying stocks is not a simple activity. You need to look for value and look at the longer-term investment horizon, for example, stocks that show promise of progressive profits in the future. The fast-paced nature of the digital world means that things seem to turnaround more quickly than they did decades ago. It’s well worth getting some investment advice if you are going into stocks for the first time.


It’s important that you don’t end up gambling all of your savings in a high-risk investment. The best thing to do is to diversify your investment portfolio across different geographical regions and across different asset classes. You may choose some high-risk investments to try and drive some profit, but that should only be 10% of your portfolio. Learning to diversify a portfolio is key to becoming a solid investor and surviving the difficult times in the marketplace as they occur in specific geographical regions all around the world.

You may choose to move your investments into safer places when you feel it’s the right time to do so, but evidence shows that you need to be in the market for the biggest climbing days of the investment and if you’re out of the market when the markets rise, this can be terrible for your investment.

Understand your attitude to risk

One of the most important concepts to understand as an investor beginning the first time is that of risk appetite. If you are the kind of person that is averse to risk, then you probably want a balanced or safe portfolio. If you are willing to accept more risk, you may enter into some more racy investments.


Beginning investments can be a scary time. You have your money, then you put it into an asset class, and you don’t have your money. If you see your stocks for investments falling, this can even be more cause for anxiety. 

What you need to understand is that if you have made the right choice with your investments, then they will go up and down. It is the investment horizon that dictates whether an investment is good or not. Although past performance is not a guarantee of future gains, the markets have shown that certain asset classes perform well over long periods of time.